| BIOLOGY Lanai has a wide variety of plant,
marine and animal life including Axis deer, Mouflon sheep, pheasant,
quail, chukar partridge and wild turkey. Many species are rare and
endangered including the giant Pacific Green Sea Turtle (which can
grow to 400 pounds) and the humpback whale. Vegetation zones include:
coastal, dryland forest, mixed open forest.
Lanai City, the average temperature ranges from 66 (°F) to
73 (°F) and the average annual rainfall is 37 inches - a very
CULTURAL HISTORY Largely uninhabited
until the 1500's, Lanai, as part of Maui County, is now a multi-cultural
society with immigration from:
ECONOMY Formerly known as the "Pineapple
Isle", Lanai was once the largest single pineapple plantation
in the world - now reduced to less than 100 acres. Today, 98%
of the land on Lanai is owned by the Lanai Company, Inc. (a development
firm). Lanai's major source of annual income is tourism.
- Polynesia - 700 A.D.
- United States - 1820
- China - 1852
- Japan - 1868
- Portugal - 1878
- Puerto Rico - 1900
- Korea - 1903
- Philippines - 1906
GEOGRAPHY The Island of Lanai has
an area of approximately 141 square miles with 47 miles of coastline.
Lanai is 13 miles wide and 18 miles long, with only seventeen miles
of paved road.
GEOLOGY Lanai (the fourth youngest island
in the Hawaiian chain) was formed by a single shield volcano creating
a volcanic land mass of rolling tablelands and steep, eroded gorges.
Red lava cliffs and mesquite bushes give way to giant stands of towering
Cook pines - and green mountains at higher elevations.
- located in Polynesia
- near the center of the Pacific Ocean
- just below the Tropic of Cancer
- one of the most remote spots on Earth
- 2,326 miles west of California
- the sixth largest of the 8 main Hawaiian islands
- the only location in Hawaii from which 5 other Hawaiian islands
can be viewed.
GOVERNMENT In Lanai, as throughout
the State, there is no separate municipal government. As part of
Maui County, it has an elected mayor with a four-year term (two-term
limit) and a nine-member council with two-year terms.
OFFICIAL COLOR AND FLOWER The official
color is yellow and the official flower is the kaunaoa.
- Resident population of 2,800 people
- Ethnic percentages :
- Hawaiian and Part Hawaiian - 26.2%
- Caucasian - 21.6%
- Japanese - 17.4%
- Filipino - 15.8%
- Mixed and Other - 19.0%